Diamonds: The World’s Top Producing Countries.
DSO Archive publishes a research on the largest rough diamonds producing countries in the world. These countries comply with KPC trading regulations and they are enlisted on the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme list of participants. The diamonds mined in these countries are therefore ethically sourced and their trade may benefit local communities.
Angola’s large diamond reserve is concentrated in the areas of Lunda Norte and Lunda. ENDIAMA and SODIAM are the government-owned companies that mine and trade the diamonds; the alluvial diamonds mining is fragmented and constituted in majority by artisanal mines.
Angolan diamonds may come in all grades, clarity and color. The country consistently yields large stones of dodecahedral shape with a portion in yellowish colors.
Australia is the largest producer of fancy color diamonds with pinks, purples and reds being their top tier. Colorless diamonds are mostly low grade; Argyle, operated by Rio Tinto, Ellendale and Merlin are the main mines.
Australian diamonds are of all grades, color and clarity; some mines tend to deliver lower grades whilst other mines can produce very high grade including fancy color.
Botswana by Value is the top-ranking producer in the world. De Beers is headquartered in this country and it extracts most of its global output locally from Orapa, Jwaneng, Letlhakane and Damtshaa. Lucara, Gem Diamonds and Kimberly Diamonds extract from the remaining three mines in the country.
Botswanan diamonds from Botswana are sought after because they tend to be of higher grade and in a more workable dodecahedral crystal formation.
Canada is one of the world’s largest diamond producers with four active diamond mines: Diavik, Ekati, Snap Lake and Victor. Dominion Diamonds, Rio Tinto and De Beers manage the extraction and operate the mines.
Canadian diamonds may come in all grades, clarity and color. Crystals and cube shapes are the distinguishing attributes of diamonds from this region and a portion of the total output tends to be brown in color.
Democratic Republic of Congo’s mining sector is highly fragmented with a high volume of artisanal mines. It is the third largest extracting country by volume and the largest national producer is the partly government-owned Miniere de Bakwange (MIBA).
Congolese diamonds may come in all grades, clarity and color. The quality of the diamonds produced by MIBA is not particularly high, however the production from the rest of the country is of higher grade.
In Namibia, De Beers and the government are partners in the mining sector under NDTC; Namdeb Holdings operates the offshore and coastal mining; NAMDIA is the marketing and sales company. Beside the historical land mine site of Lüderitz, most of the mining in the country today is marine.
Namibian diamonds may come in all grades, clarity and color. Gem quality and high grade Dodecahedral crystal formations are the defining attributes for the much sought after stones from this country.
Russia is the world’s largest producer of rough diamonds by Volume and it is also the largest exporter by Volume. Alrosa is the main mining company of the country with important extracting resources invested in Yakutia, Siberia.
Russian diamonds may come in all grades, clarity and color. Octahedron shape and Fluorescence are distinguishing attributes of diamonds from this region and some mines extract fancy yellow.
Sierra Leone’s mining sector is highly fragmented with artisanal mines presents across the mining region. Mines are primarily located in the districts of Kono, Kenema and Bo alongside the rivers’ beds.
Sierra Leonean diamonds may come in all grades, clarity and color. Cube crystal formation and gem quality are the attributed of diamonds sourced from this country.
South Africa’s rough diamond production is very varied and of high grade. De Beers owns and manages most mines whilst Petra Diamonds is the second operator in the country. The main mines include Baken, Cullinan -previously named Premier, Finsch, Kimberley, Northern Cape, Koffiefontein and Venetia.
South African diamonds may come in all grades, clarity and color. Dodecahedral crystal formation and higher grades and size profile the stones from this region. Fancy color are also extracted with blues and pinks being a portion of the total output.
Zimbabwe’s mining sector is highly fragmented; the largest mine is Murowa and the largest alluvial diamond mines are located in Marange, however kimberlite is scattered across the surface of the country causing a high volume of geological explorations.
Zimbabwean Diamonds from Zimbabwe may come in all grades, clarity and color. Alluvial diamonds can be larger in size and a high amount of large stones is yielded from the region with a portion being brown. Fancy color diamonds are also extracted in the country with yellows being the most extracted.