To trade in diamonds it is mandatory to have a clear understanding about ethical sourcing and Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS).

The KPCS is a joint governments, industry and civil society initiative to prevent “conflict diamonds” from entering the mainstream market subsequent to United Nations General Assembly Resolution 55/56 following the recommendations in the Fowler Report.

The Kimberley Process (KP) is an international trading protocol started in 2003 that aims at regulating the shipments of rough diamonds; upon satisfactory checks, it issues certificates of compliance to the rough diamonds parcels that are sealed as ‘conflict-free’.

The Kimberley Process defines conflict diamonds as: ‘rough diamonds used to finance wars against governments’. [source: KPCS]

Laboratories around the world, regulators and non-governamental organizations (NGOs) provide the relevant information, education and updates.

DSO Members must comply to and implement ethical sourcing at all times.

Please, follow the external links below should you have any doubt or need independent information.

American Gem Society (AGS)
It is a preeminent jewelry trade organization dedicated to consumer protection and it supports the jewelry-buying public.

Diamonds Standards Organization (DSO)
It is a non-profit set up to safeguard consumers and professionals on the ethical standards of natural polished diamonds.

Gemological Institute of America (GIA)
It is a non profit that protects the gem and jewelry buying public through research, education and laboratory services.

Geneva Diamond Exchange (GDE) 
It is an NGO founded in Swiss Confederation to regulate the afflux of conflict diamonds and to monitor KPCS compliance.

HRD Antwerp
It is a leading European laboratory and reference for education with courses for diamond graders, sorters and gemmologists.

International Gemological Institute (IGI)
It is a global leader for jewelry certification and graders of diamonds and colored gemstones, pearls, modern synthetics and simulants.

Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)
It is the process established to prevent “conflict diamonds” from entering the mainstream market by United Nations Resolution 55/56.

Monaco Diamond Exchange (MDE)
It is a non profit association incorporated in Principality of Monaco that regulates the commerce of conflict diamonds in line with international trade regulations.

Rapaport Fair Trade
It is a leading resource for socially conscious jewelry consumers and members of the jewelry and diamond trade.

Responsible Jewellery Council
It is a whole-of-supply chain standards initiative for the jewellery supply chain, from mine to retail.

World Diamond Council (WDC)
It is an organization representing the entire diamond value chain including representatives from diamond mining, manufacturing, trading and retail.